The meats are divided according to their color into white (poultry, pork), red (beef, mutton) and black (hunting meat). There is a myth that white meats are more digestible than black or red but as it has been shown the digestibility of meat is not affected by hemoglobin but by factors such as fat content. Another meat myth wants red meats to be more powerful than white meats. But he too has been shot down. It is enough to think that the nutrition of meat does not depend on its pigments, but on the organic ones given by the calories. Contrary to popular belief, meat is a digestible food because 96% of its ingredients are ingredients that are digested by digestive fluids and assimilated by the body. The impression that it is indigestible food, is created by the fact that the meat stays in the stomach for many hours and gives them a feeling of satiety.
Nutritional value of red meat
Protein is a key component of the human body. It is located in the muscles, bones, organs and participates in various processes of the body. Red meat protein is of high biological value. This means that it contains all the essential amino acids, unlike the protein of legumes and cereals, which the body needs to synthesize its own proteins. Red meat is an important source of iron and zinc, which are essential ingredients for the development, maintenance of the immune system, wound healing and appetite control, as well as B vitamins, which are involved in various metabolic processes in the body. .
The types of meat
Meat is a food full of beneficial nutrients and plays a very important role in a healthy and balanced diet. However, it should be consumed in moderation, as excessive consumption of meat leads to the appearance of serious diseases. For this reason meat is recommended to be consumed once or twice a week. But what are the types of meat that we find in Greek cuisine?
Rabbit: White, firm meat with almost no trace of fat. Pleasant taste and delicate aroma. 100 grams of meat contain only 5.5% fat and have 136 calories. In the past, it was widely used in slimming diets, as its meat was considered highly nutritious, lean, tasty and healthy.
Turkey: It is characterized by tight white, lean meat and its taste and aroma is similar to that of chicken. Only with 115 calories per 100 grams is a rich source of protein with a minimum of fat that does not exceed 2%. It is on the list of the healthiest and nutritious options
Chicken-Rooster: Rich in proteins of high biological value, chicken is one of the best foods. With low fat and high nutritional value, it is a food that is consumed in large quantities worldwide.
Duck: It is one of the most delicious meats. Slightly greasy, reddish, very tasty and with a characteristic aroma, duck meat is the raw material for high gastronomic cooking. 100 grams of meat contain 11.5% protein and provide 400 calories.
Quail: Known since antiquity, it is found in Europe, Africa, Asia and Atlantic islands, where it is raised for its eggs and meat. 100 grams of meat contains 168 calories, 25% protein and 7% fat.
Pork-Wild Boar: Pork is probably the most common meat found in gastronomy. 100 grams of meat contain 304 calories and 15% protein. The wild boar is dark and juicy meat and its taste is reminiscent of both pork and game, mainly due to its tighter texture.
Beef: Beef is absolutely essential for children and adolescents because it provides them with the abundant protein needed to build skeleton and muscle. Low in calories but rich in protein, beef provides 175 calories per 100 grams.
Lamb - goat: The lamb is very tender, juicy and aromatic and is a first quality meat, which contributes to a balanced and healthy diet. Goat is consumed by 70% of the world's population, and 100 grams have only 143 calories and 27% protein.
Deer: Deer is meat of high nutritional value. Indicatively, 100 grams contain 130 calories, while chicken has 140 calories.
Partridge - Pheasant: Their characteristic is the dark meat without fat with a special taste. 100 grams have 32 grams of protein and 240 calories, while they are rich in minerals and vitamins.
Ostrich: It comes from the African continent, but is also successfully bred in our country. It has delicious meat that has a texture and taste similar to that of beef. Its fillet has only 155 calories per 100 grams, 28 grams of protein while it is rich in vitamin B12 and folic acid.
Roe Deer: One of the most beloved game that contains similar vitamins and minerals to beef and is a good source of iron, vitamin B12 and B6, niacin and riboflavin.